Vasantrao Phulsing Naik (1 July 1913 - 1979 was an Indian politician who served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 1963 until 1975. Till date he remains as the longest serving chief minister of Maharashtra. Also, he had a credit to return to power after completion of full five years which could not be possible for any other chief minister in Maharashtra, He was born in Gahuli Tanda, TQ.Pusad, Dist. Yavatmal in 1913. His experience in grassroots politics made him a responsible legislator.
He was a Member of Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh during 1952-1957, then bilingual Bombay State during 1957-1960 and of Maharashtra during 1960 to 1977. In 1952 he was appointed Deputy Minister for Revenue in the Government of Madhya Pradesh. He was made Minister for Cooperation in 1957 and later Minister for Agriculture in the Government of Bombay State. From 1960 to 1963 he was Minister for Revenue in Government of Maharashtra.
He was elected Chief Minister of Maharashtra, a post which he held for more than eleven years during 1963-1975.He was the father of the Green Revolution in Maharashtra. The industrialization of Maharashtra is largely the legacy of his progressive industrial policies. Later his nephew Sudhakarrao Naik also became Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
He was also elected to 6th Lok Sabha from Washim (Lok Sabha constituency) in 1977.
The Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College in Yavatmal city of Maharashtra state, was named in his honour.
In year 2013 Shree Vasantrao Naik's name given to Parbhani Agriculture Univercity as "Shree Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krushi Vidyapeeth".